The flow of goods is an important cycle of how goods and services flow from start to finish within the economy. At each stage of the flow, there is a movement of goods as well as a change in the monetary value of the products. It is a basic understanding of the movement of goods and how it contributes to the economy overall. To explain this process, we can divide it into three stages that simplify the movement of goods and what occurs during these different points of exchange.
What is Flow of Goods?
1. The Manufacturing of Goods
The manufacturing of goods is the beginning part of the flow of goods. This is where manufacturers or producers will have gathered all the raw materials and ingredients needed to create a product that is whole and ready for use by the end consumer. Manufacturers will exchange money with those who are producing the raw materials, in return for what is required to manufacture the products.
The cost of the goods to the manufacturer is determined by the raw material costs, the production costs as well as labor costs, and their overhead costs such as rent, power, and water. Once they have identified a cost, they will add on the relevant margin for them to make viable sales.
2. The Wholesalers and Retailers
Wholesalers are also known as the middlemen in the flow of goods. They are the link between the manufacturers, retailers, and end consumers. Wholesalers buy large quantities of products from manufacturers and sell them across a larger range of retailers who will then sell the end product to the end consumer. Wholesalers will also determine their cost of goods with all the relevant factors and add their own margins. Once again, there has been an exchange of money, and the value of the product increases.
It is very rare that wholesalers will sell directly to the end consumers as it disrupts the flow of goods and the way in which the economy can flourish for everyone. Therefore, retailers are the last point from which end users can purchase a product at a final value.
3. End Users
At the end of the flow of goods is the end-user. End-users are the consumers that will consume or make use of the finished goods to fulfill their need or want. They are paying the final value that the product has reached after the exchange of goods for money throughout the process. If the price changes in the manufacturing stage, the price will affect the end-user as they are the ones completing the final exchange of goods for their value.
Throughout this flow of goods, we can see the exchange of goods and how the value will increase as well. This exchange creates a flow of money that can benefit economies around the world and in surrounding areas. The flow of goods is a vital indicator of how stable the economy is and the jobs it creates.
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